Dashain is one one of the biggest festival of Nepal. In this festival people from different place come to their home to celebrate this festival. Ghatasthapana marks the first day of Dasain, Nepali’s biggest festival. On this day people sow Jamara in their respective home after a small puja in their puja kotha. It is sowed upon a small mud bed for which mud is collected from nearby ponds or river. Jamara is the grown collection seedlings of barley and corn which is used while putting Tika.
Ghatasthapana marks the first day of Dasain, Nepali’s biggest festival. On this day people sow Jamara in their respective home after a small puja in their puja kotha. It is sowed upon a small mud bed for which mud is collected from nearby ponds or river. Jamara is the grown collection seedlings of barley and corn which is used while putting Tika.
Everyday little water is sprinkled on it and on the tenth day of Dasain which marks the day of Vijaya Dasami it is given to all of the family members along with Tikas by the elderly person of the family.
Beside residential home, Jamara is also sowed in different temples such as Layaku and Kot Ghar by priest or the care taker of the temple. Incase of Panauti Jamara is sowed at layaku,Kot Ghar(Meula Kot and Mul Kot) by Brahmin Rajopadhaya and tantric priest Karmacharya.
The literal meaning of Navarath is nine nights, it begins on the first day of the Dasain, Ghatasthapana and as it’s name suggests it is observed for nine days. During this period people visit different gods and goddess giving preference to the different forms of Devis or Shaktis named as Kaumari, Trimurti, Kalyani, Rohini, Kali, Chandi, Shovaki, Durga and Bhadra.
Incase of inhabitants of Panauti, during this nine days people visit Triveni Ghat as well as other religiously important places. People also worship nine different virgin girls respectively on the nine days considereing them as an incarnated form of the Devis, offering them food, clothes and money as per one’s capacity.
This is the ninth day of the festival; and all the arms and weapons are worshipped on this day collecting at the altar of the goddess. Many he goats and he buffalos are sacrificed and the blood is offered on the idol of the goddess Durga to appease her. People go with roosters, goats, pigeons and he buffalos to sacrifice in the name of Goddess and consume it as a prasad. Many people herd to worshipping at the strengthening point of the goddess mother. On this day like in Kathmandu Valley he buffalos are also sacrified at Taleju Temple at Layaku and Mul Kot ghar in Panauti.
This is the tenth day of the festival. The Tika and Jamara receiving exact auspicious time has been board casted by Panhanga Nirnayak Samiti, which is calculated by the team of Priests. People go to their respected elders house to house receive blessing. After the Tika they enjoy the day long eating the sumptuous foods. People exchange among each other the Vijaya Dasami greetings during the whole 15 days’ festival period. The Tika receiving procedure lasts for another four days till the shortly coming full moon and ends on this day. The Jamara and left Tikas are thrown in the river at some pious place at the end. This festival is believed to be practice since the silver age itself; on the happy occasion of slaughtering the cruel Demon by Lord Ram; by the grace of Goddess Bhagawati to relieve all the virtuous persons of this earth